2 edition of Micro determinants of consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh found in the catalog.
Micro determinants of consumption, poverty, growth, and inequality in Bangladesh
|Statement||Quentin T. Wodon.|
|Series||Policy research working paper ;, 2076, Policy research working papers ;, 2076.|
|LC Classifications||HG3881.5.W57 P63 no. 2076|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||33 p. ;|
|Number of Pages||33|
|LC Control Number||00500492|
This study examines the effects of piped water on infant mortality, the long-term effects on health in later life, economic outcomes, and how all these effects differ by gender. Exemptions should be kept at a minimum and nontariff barriers should be avoided altogether. Doctoral thesis at Xue, W. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about. Main article: Malthusian trap The Malthusian theory proposes that over most of human history technological progress caused larger population growth but had no impact on income per capita in the long run.
This study investigates how changes in poverty affect maternal and child health in Zambia, especially when analyzing the effects of equity in the utilization of health services. In this regard, policymakers should consider the extent to which both technical assistance and the private sector can play a role in improving the delivery of these services. Further Information. It is difficult to have a tax system that is both efficient and progressive, particularly in those countries without a well-developed tax administration.
Consumption Choices. Similarly, under a monetary anchor the monetary authorities specify a predetermined path for a monetary aggregate, and tighten or loosen the monetary stance when the aggregate threatens to depart from that path. Google Scholar Dollar, D. Further Information Kozicka, M. International agencies may be able to promote good governance through various policies of intervention in developing nations as indicated in a few African countries, but comparative analysis suggests it may be much more difficult to achieve in most poor nations around the world. Many of these are high-value and higher profit products which will make it easier for Chinese companies to pay higher wages to their employees.
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For example, countries that have targeted the real exchange rate have generally had worse inflation performance than other countries. But they reinforce the point that economic growth alone is not sufficient for poverty reduction and that complementary redistributional policies may be needed to ensure that the poor benefit from growth.
Inappropriate exchange rate policies distort the composition of growth by influencing the price of tradable versus nontradable goods. However, the objective of macroeconomic stability should not be compromised.
Ongoing Doctoral Theses Gella, A. The key aim of this research is to assess the impact of unwanted births on family welfare. Federal Reserve Bank of Dallas, Because women and men experience poverty differently, they hold dissimilar poverty reduction priorities and are affected differently by development interventions and poverty reduction strategies.
Consumption Choices. If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. Further Information Mekonnen, D. Since there is often a considerable degree of uncertainty surrounding such a judgment, it is usually wise to err somewhat on the side of caution by assuming that the shock will largely persist and by basing the corresponding policy response on the appropriate adjustment.
And inequality in Bangladesh book, his regression analysis control for education, fertility, investment, and it therefore excludes, by construction, the important effect of inequality on growth via education, fertility, and investment.
For growth to be sustained China needs to achieve a re-balancing of her economy Relying less on exports of low to medium value manufactured products and moving up value chains to produce and sell products with a high-knowledge and high-technology component Driving more growth from household spending consumption on goods and services Sustainability has become an essential part of China's development strategy Addressing the pressures that come from rising inequalities of income and wealth.
Therefore, actively using these policies to pursue a particular short-run exchange rate goal, which may be inconsistent with underlying economic fundamentals, could introduce instability. To the extent that asset market distortions prevent the poor from saving and insulating themselves against shocks, policies to remove these distortions can be valuable.
Similarly, if a sudden stop in capital flows renders many nontradable goods producers bankrupt because of big swings in relative prices, this may in turn create financial turmoil as loans become nonperforming, spreading the effect of the shock across the financial system Calvo, References Ahuja, V.
As a consequence, growth in the model can occur either by increasing the share of GDP invested or through technological progress. Rather, arriving at an appropriate, integrated poverty reduction and macroeconomic framework will require juggling a large number of parameters and weighing the trade-offs between multiple objectives.
Moreover, probit regression estimates that the probability of having migrant members in rural households is 2. Rather, there is a continuum of various combinations of levels of key macroeconomic variables e.
There are numerous challenges to overcome in the near and medium term. Doctoral thesis at Radermacher, R. Phil thesis University of Sussex, UK.
The personal income tax should be characterized by only a few brackets and a moderate top marginal rate, by limited personal exemptions and deductions, by a standard exemption that excludes persons with low incomes, and by extensive use of final withholding.
This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves. A person can be considered poor if he or she is unable to secure the goods and services to meet these basic material needs.
Specifically, Alesina and Rodrik and Persson and Tabellini advance a political economy mechanism and argue that inequality has a negative impact on economic development since it creates a pressure for distortionary redistributive policies that have an adverse effect on investment and economic growth.
To enhance accountability, credibility, and efficiency, the central bank in an inflation targeting regime is generally required to be extremely transparent about its operations, explaining its decisions to the public, publishing, in most cases, a regular inflation report.
Revenues should be raised in as economically neutral a manner as possible, while taking into consideration equity concerns and administrative capacities see Box 4. They need to implement reforms that redistribute money and power and level the playing field.
In addition, policymakers should implement policies that will empower the poor and create the conditions that would permit them to move into new as well as existing areas of opportunity, thereby allowing them to better share in the fruits of economic growth. In particular, Galor and Zeira argue that since credit markets are imperfect, inequality has an enduring impact on human capital formation, the level of income per capita, and the growth process.Researchers have compared how much changes in inequality matter for poverty reduction relative to economic growth.
David Dollar and Aart Kraay studied this link between growth, inequality and poverty reduction in a widely cited paper in 33 The title of their paper is the summary of their finding: ‘Growth is good for the poor’.
Poverty and income inequality remain a stubborn challenge in Asia and the Pacific despite the region’s rapid economic expansion in previous decades, which lifted millions out of poverty.
Financial inclusion is often considered as a critical element that makes growth inclusive as access to finance can enableCited by: Oct 27, · () conclude in their overview chapter in Population matters: demographic change, economic growth and poverty in the developing world, ‘ the essays in this volume do point to a conclusion which links concern about population growth and change more directly to concern about the welfare of millions of people in the developing world.
In Cited by: Poverty Lines in Indonesia Using Food Energy Intake Method, Poverty Indexes by Subgroups, Madagascar, Decomposition of Poverty and Changes in Poverty in Newfoundland, – Measures of Poverty (with a $2/day Poverty Line) and Inequality for Selected Countries and Regions78 Sensitivity of Headcount.
Results: The study findings indicated that risk exposure, price, access to credit and income level are significant determinants of micro insurance demand. Gender, age and level of education were found to have a positive and significant influence on the demand for micro hildebrandsguld.com: Zulekha Ndurukia, Agnes W.
Njeru, Esther Waiganjo. The Pakistan Development Review. - From Pakistan Institute of Development Economics Contact information at EDIRC.
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